The population and the traditions of the roma people

The Romani people originate from Northern India[4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] presumably from the northwestern Indian states Rajasthan [8] [9] and Punjab. It shares many phonetic features with Marwariwhile its grammar is closest to Bengali. The conference ended with a recommendation to the Government of India to recognize the Roma community spread across 30 countries as a part of the Indian diaspora.

The population and the traditions of the roma people

The true origin of Roma (Gypsies), according to cultural and historic evidences. Comparison with indo-European cultures. Oct 04,  · A summer school in Italy aims to teach people about the traditions of Italian Roma — and dispel long-held prejudices against them. By ELISABETTA POVOLEDO Aug. 29, Culture of Romania - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family No-Sa.

They were enslaved for five centuries and scattered across continents. Despite this, their culture has remained nearly unchanged throughout the centuries, which contributes to the continued perception of mystery and "otherness. Yet, they maintain their traditional beliefs and customs.

By the beginning of the twenty-first century, there has been increased effort made by some countries to be more inclusive of Roma people and their children in public health care, housing, and educationsuggesting that in time the Roma will find their place within the family of humankind.

This ethnonym is not used by the Roma to describe themselves, and is often considered pejorative. However, the use of "gypsy" in English is now so pervasive that many Roma organizations use the word "gypsy" in their own names. In North America, the word "gypsy" is often misunderstood as a reference to lifestyle or fashionand not to the Roma ethnicity.

The Spanish term gitano and the French term gitan may have the same origin. History First arrival of the Roma outside Berne in the fifteenth century, described by the chronicler as getoufte heiden "baptized heathens" and drawn with dark skin and wearing Saracen style clothes and weapons Spiezer Schilling, Linguistic and genetic evidence indicates the Roma originated on the Indian Subcontinent.

The cause of the Roma diaspora is unknown. One theory suggests the Roma were originally low-caste Hindus recruited into an army of mercenaries, granted warrior caste status, and sent westwards to resist Islamic military expansion.

Another theory suggests that perhaps the Muslim conquerors of northern India took the Roma as slaves and brought them home, where they became a distinct community; Mahmud of Ghazni reportedly tookprisoners during a Turkish invasion of Sindh and Punjab.

Why the Roma did not return to India, choosing instead to travel west into Europe, is an enigma, but may relate to military service under the Muslims. Contemporary scholars have suggested one of the first written references to the Roma, under the term Atsingani, derived from the Greek atsinganoidates from the Byzantine era during a time of famine in the ninth century.

In the year C. Later, in C. George the Anchorite, mentions that the Atsingani were called on by Constantine to help rid his forests of the wild animals which were killing off his live stock. In a Franciscan monk named Simon Simeonis described people in likeness to the "atsingani" living in Crete and in Ludolphus of Sudheim mentioned a similar people with a unique language who he called Mandapolos, a word which some theorize was possibly derived from the Greek word mantes meaning prophet or fortune teller.

By the fourteenth century, the Roma had reached the Balkans; byGermany ; and by the sixteenth century, Scotland and Sweden. Both currents met in France. Roma began immigrating to the United States in colonial times, with small groups in Virginia and French Louisiana.

Larger-scale immigration began in the s, with groups of Romnichal from Britain. The largest number immigrated in the early s, mainly from the Vlax group of Kalderash.

The population and the traditions of the roma people

Many Roma also settled in Latin America. Wherever they arrived in Europe, curiosity was soon followed by hostility and xenophobia. Roma were enslaved for five centuries in Romania until abolition of slavery in Elsewhere in Europe, they were subject to Ethnic cleansing, abduction of their children, and forced labor.

Like the Jewsthey were sentenced to forced labor and imprisonment in ghettos and concentration camps. They were often killed on sight, especially by the Einsatzgruppen on the Eastern Front. In Communist Eastern Europe, Roma experienced assimilation schemes and restrictions of cultural freedom.

The Romani language and Roma music were banned from public performance in Bulgaria. In Czechoslovakiawhere they were labeled as a "socially degraded stratum," Roma women were sterilized as part of a state policy to reduce their population.The true origin of Roma (Gypsies), according to cultural and historic evidences.

Comparison with indo-European cultures. The population was estimated to be 22,, in Ninety percent of the people are Romanian, 7 percent are Hungarian, and 2 percent are Roma.

The remainder is made up . Some Roma people are still nomadic and travel in caravans. Some of the Romani live in the poorer parts of towns, often in abandoned apartments. Other Roma have attempted to integrate with their neighbors.

The population and the traditions of the roma people

Concerning the Origin of Peoples. The True Origin of Roma and Sinti. Many myths have been elaborated about the origin of that mysterious people present in every western country called by different names, usually known as Gypsies, Gitanos, Cigány, etc., whose correct ethnonym is Rom (or better Rhom) for most groups and Sinti for others.

The Romani (also spelled Romany / ˈ r oʊ m ə n i /, / ˈ r ɒ-/), colloquially known as Gypsies or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Sindh regions of modern-day India and Pakistan..

Genetic findings appear to confirm the Romani . The Roma people have a number of distinct populations, The Romani population in the United States is estimated at more than one million.

Brazil has the second largest Romani population in the Americas, estimated at approximately , by the ,–1,,

Romani society and culture - Wikipedia