Ratified December 15, Amendment I Freedoms, Petitions, Assembly Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
United States Government The Constitution of the United States is the central instrument of American government and the supreme law of the land. For years it has guided the evolution of governmental institutions and has provided the basis for political stability, individual freedom, economic growth, and social progress.
The Constitution owes its staying power to its simplicity and flexibility. The path to the Constitution was neither straight nor easy. A draft document emerged inbut only after intense debate and six years of experience with an earlier federal union. The 13 British colonies in America declared their independence from their motherland in A year before, war had broken out between the colonies and Britain, a war for independence that lasted for six bitter years.
The compact, designated the "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union," was adopted by a congress of the states in and formally signed in July The Articles became binding when they were ratified by the 13th state, Maryland, in March The Articles of Confederation devised a loose association among the states and set up a federal government with very limited powers.
In such critical matters as defense, public finance, and trade, the federal government was at the mercy of the state legislatures. It was not an arrangement conducive to stability or strength. Within a short time the weakness of the confederation was apparent to all.
Politically and economically, the new nation was close to chaos. In the words of George Washington, who would become the first president of the United States inthe 13 states were united only "by a rope of sand.
In February the Continental Congress, the legislative body of the republic, issued a call for the states to send delegates to Philadelphia, in the state of Pennsylvania, to revise the Articles. The Constitutional Convention convened on May 25,in Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence had been adopted 11 years earlier, on July 4, Although the delegates had been authorized only to amend the Articles of Confederation, they pushed aside the Articles and proceeded to construct a charter for a wholly new, more centralized form of government.
The new document, the Constitution, was completed September 17,and was officially adopted March 4, The 55 delegates who drafted the Constitution included most of the outstanding leaders, or Founding Fathers, of the new nation. They represented a wide range of interests, backgrounds, and stations in life.
All agreed, however, on the central objectives expressed in the preamble to the Constitution: The concept of self-government did not originate with the Americans; indeed, a measure of self-government existed in England at the time. But the degree to which the Constitution committed the United States to rule by the people was unique, even revolutionary, in comparison with other governments around the world.
By the time the Constitution was adopted, Americans had considerable expertise in the art of self-government. Long before independence was declared, the colonies were functioning governmental units, controlled by the people.
Most states had a governor elected by the state legislature. The legislature itself was elected by popular vote.These three documents, known collectively as the Charters of Freedom, have secured the rights of the American people for more than two and a quarter centuries and are considered instrumental to the founding and philosophy of the United States.
Later Amendments Amendment Lawsuits against states. The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.
The Great Republic: Presidents and States of the United States of America, and Comments on American History. Taking everything together then, I declare that our city is the School [or "Education"] of Greece [, tês Helládos Paídeusis], and I declare that in my opinion each single one of our citizens, in all the manifold aspects of life, is able to show himself the rightful lord and owner of.
The United States Electoral College is a body of electors established by the United States Constitution, constituted every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president of the United pfmlures.com Electoral College consists of electors, and an absolute majority of electoral votes is required to win an election..
Pursuant to Article II, Section 1, Clause 2. The United States Electoral College is a body of electors established by the United States Constitution, constituted every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president of the United pfmlures.com College consists of electors, and an absolute majority of electoral votes is required to win election.
Pursuant to Article II, Section 1, Clause 2, the legislature. United States Government. The Constitution of the United States is the central instrument of American government and the supreme law of the land.