It is a pleasure to be part of the Oxford Literary Festival, especially as I am neither a writer nor an academic. I am here because of a lifelong interest in the work of our great Irish poet and Nobel Prize recipient, William Butler Yeats, who was born in Dublin years ago this year. In Ireland throughout the year, we will be paying tribute to Yeats's literary achievement and his contribution to Ireland during his lifetime and in the years since his death in January
Themes The Relationship Between Art and Politics Yeats believed that art and politics were intrinsically linked and used his writing to express his attitudes toward Irish politics, as well as to educate his readers about Irish cultural history. From an early age, Yeats felt a deep connection to Ireland and his national identity, and he thought that British rule negatively impacted Irish politics and social life.
His early compilation of folklore sought to teach a literary history that had been suppressed by British rule, and his early poems were odes to the beauty and mystery of the Irish countryside. This work frequently integrated references to myths and mythic figures, including Oisin and Cuchulain.
As Yeats became more involved in Irish politics—through his relationships with the Irish National Theatre, the Irish Literary Society, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, and Maud Gonne—his poems increasingly resembled political manifestos.
Yeats believed that art could serve a political function: Yeats had rejected Christianity early in his life, but his lifelong study of mythology, Theosophy, spiritualism, philosophy, and the occult demonstrate his profound interest in the divine and how it interacts with humanity.
Over the course of his life, he created a complex system of spirituality, using the image of interlocking gyres similar to spiral cones to map out the development and reincarnation of the soul. Yeats believed that history was determined by fate and that fate revealed its plan in moments when the human and divine interact.
A tone of historically determined inevitability permeates his poems, particularly in descriptions of situations of human and divine interaction. No matter what shape it takes, the divine signals the role of fate in determining the course of history.
The Transition from Romanticism to Modernism Yeats started his long literary career as a romantic poet and gradually evolved into a modernist poet. When he began publishing poetry in the s, his poems had a lyrical, romantic style, and they focused on love, longing and loss, and Irish myths.
His early writing follows the conventions of romantic verse, utilizing familiar rhyme schemes, metric patterns, and poetic structures. Although it is lighter than his later writings, his early poetry is still sophisticated and accomplished.
Several factors contributed to his poetic evolution: Additionally, his concern with Irish subjects evolved as he became more closely connected to nationalist political causes.
As a result, Yeats shifted his focus from myth and folklore to contemporary politics, often linking the two to make potent statements that reflected political agitation and turbulence in Ireland and abroad.
The modernists experimented with verse forms, aggressively engaged with contemporary politics, challenged poetic conventions and the literary tradition at large, and rejected the notion that poetry should simply be lyrical and beautiful. These influences caused his poetry to become darker, edgier, and more concise.
Although he never abandoned the verse forms that provided the sounds and rhythms of his earlier poetry, there is still a noticeable shift in style and tone over the course of his career.
Motifs Irish Nationalism and Politics Throughout his literary career, Yeats incorporated distinctly Irish themes and issues into his work.
He used his writing as a tool to comment on Irish politics and the home rule movement and to educate and inform people about Irish history and culture.
Yeats also used the backdrop of the Irish countryside to retell stories and legends from Irish folklore.
As he became increasingly involved in nationalist politics, his poems took on a patriotic tone. Yeats addressed Irish politics in a variety of ways: In these poems, a sense of cultural crisis and conflict seeps through, even though the poems are not explicitly about Ireland.
By using images of chaos, disorder, and war, Yeats engaged in an understated commentary on the political situations in Ireland and abroad.A presentation on the Irish poet and Nobel prize W. B. Yeats- authorSTREAM Presentation.
A presentation on the Irish poet and Nobel prize W. B.
Yeats- authorSTREAM Presentation Go Premium crisis of nationality and Modernity in Ireland. Yeats, the Romantic Irish nationalism is disillusioned by his rejection by the . William Butler Yeats, at the age of seventy-three, stands well within the company of the great poets.
Romantic Ireland's dead and gone. Biography Yeats was born in Dublin, Ireland on June 13th, He is the son of John and Sudan Yeats.
After a few year, the family moved to London to allow Yeats to pursue his vocation as a painter. William Butler Yeats: William Butler Yeats, Irish poet, dramatist, and prose writer, one of the greatest English-language poets of the 20th century.
He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in Yeats’s father, John Butler Yeats, was a barrister who eventually became a portrait painter. His mother, formerly Susan. Yeats’ Presentation of ‘Romantic Ireland’ in ‘September ’ “Romantic Ireland’s dead and gone, It’s with O’Leary in the grave.
” Discuss ways in which Yeats presents the Romantic in ‘September ’. Yeats started his long literary career as a romantic poet and gradually evolved into a modernist poet.
When he began publishing poetry in the s, his poems had a lyrical, romantic style, and they focused on love, longing and loss, and Irish myths. His early writing follows the conventions of.